The Ghana Coat of Arms

The Ghana Coat of Arms is an important emblem found on all government official letter heads. The Coat of arms was designed by Mr. Amon Kotei, a Ghanaian.

The coat of arms of Ghana consists of a shield divided into four quarters by a green St. George’s cross-rimmed with gold. In the top left-hand quarter is a crossed linguist staff and ceremonial sword on a blue background, representing local administration. In the top right-hand quarter is an heraldic castle on an heraldic sea with a light blue background, representing national government. In the bottom two quarters will be found a cocoa tree and a mine shaft representing the wealth of the country. In the centre of the green St. George’s cross will be found a gold lion, representing the continued link between Ghana and the Commonwealth. Surmounting the shield is a black five-pointed star rimmed with gold, representing the lodestar of African freedom, and this star stands on the wreath of the colours red, gold and green which again stand on the top of the shield. Under the shield will be found the motto FREEDOM AND JUSTICE. The supporters of the coat of arms are two eagles, coloured gold. Around each eagle’s neck hangs a black star suspended from a ribbon of Ghana’s colours.

The Republic of Ghana National Flag

The flag was designed by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh and was first adopted on March 6, 1957, following the country’s independence from the British rule. The flag of the Republic of Ghana has red, yellow, and green in horizontal stripes with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe.


Red: Represents the revolutionary spirit and the sacrifices of the country’s martyrs in their fight for independence.

Gold: Was influenced by the mineral rich nature of Ghana lands.

Green: Represents the lush greenery, natural resources, and the forests of Ghana.

Five Pointed Lone Star: The symbol of African emancipation and unity in the struggle against colonialism.